I am a Marine Biologist and a Professor at the University of Lisbon/Portugal (Faculty of Sciences) where I teach Animal Biology, Marine Biology and Biological Oceanography. I have a PhD in Animal Ecology (1984) and my current research interests deal mainly with the study of Plankton and Benthos Ecology.

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SHORT CV (2014)
CV (short english version) PDF file PDF
CV (large portuguese version) PDF file PDF

Name: Pedro Miguel Alfaia Barcia

In the photo I am in the middle of two colleagues slightly taller than me: (Left) Tomas Gröhsler (Germany); (right) Alberto Garcia (Spain).

Present Address:

Departamento de Biologia Animal.
Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa.
Bloco C2, Campo Grande.
1749-016 Lisboa. Portugal
Tel.- +351 217500000
Fax- +351 217500169

Laboratório Marítimo da Guia.
Av. Nossa Senhora do Cabo, 939.
2750-374 Cascais. Portugal
Tel. +351 214869211
Fax +351 214869720


Email- EMAIL


Lisbon, Portugal. 1956.12.24




  • Queen Elizabeth's School, Lisbon (1959-1966).
  • (High School) Externato Marista de Lisboa (1966-1971).
  • (High School) Liceu Normal Pedro Nunes (1971-1973).
  • (University) Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa (1973-1978).


  • Degree "Licenciatura" in Biology- University of Lisbon (1978)
  • Doctoral Dissertation (Animal Ecology)- University of Lisbon (PhD) (1984).
  • Agregation (Agregação)- University of Lisbon (1991)

    Teaching Experience:

  • Faculdade de Ciências da Universidade de Lisboa.
  • Monitor (1976-1979). Assistant (1979-1984).
  • Assistant Professor (1984-1991).
  • Assistant Professor with Agregation (1991)
  • Associate Professor with Agregation (1999)
  • General Zoology, Animal Biology, Animal Physiology, Ichthyology, Biological Oceanography, Marine Pollution, Marine Biology, Marine Ecology (pratical and theoretical courses)

    Research Interests:

  • Ichthyoplankton ecology.
  • Ecology of the planktonic phase of sardine and anchovy.
  • Daily growth of fish larvae based on the microstructure of the otoliths.
  • Rhythms of activity of fish larvae.
  • Fisheries Biology.
  • Benthic Ecology.
  • Intertidal Ecology.


    1. ALMEIDA, A, J. GOMES & P. RÉ (1980). Trois Blenniidae nouveaux pour la faune du Portugal (Pisces: Blenniidae). Tethys, 9 (3): 235-241.

    2. RÉ, P. (1981). Seasonal occurence, mortality and dimensions of sardine eggs (Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum)) off Portugal. Cybium, 5 (4): 41-48. (IF- 0,301)

    3. RÉ, P., A. FARINHA & I. MENESES (1983). Anchovy spawning in Portuguese estuaries (Engraulis encrasicolus, Pisces: Engraulidae). Cybium, 7 (1): 29-38. (IF- 0,301)

    4. RÉ, P. (1983). Daily growth increments in the sagitta of pilchard larvae, Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) (Pisces: Clupeidae). Cybium, 7 (3): 9-15. (IF- 0,301)

    5. RÉ, P. (1983). Growth of pilchard larvae, Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) in relation to some environmental factors. Investigación Pesquera, 47 (2): 277-283. (IF- 0,635)

    6. RÉ, P. (1984). Evidence of daily and hourly growth in pilchard larvae based on otolith growth increments, Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792). Cybium, 8 (1): 33-38. (IF- 0,301)

    7. ROSA, H. C. & P. RÉ (1985). Influence of exogenous factors on the formation of daily microgrowth increments in otoliths of Tilapia mariae (Boulenger, 1899) juveniles. Cybium, 9 (4): 341-357. (IF- 0,301)

    8. RÉ, P., H. C. ROSA & M. T. DINIS, (1985). Diel rhythms in Dicentrarchus labrax (L., 1758) larvae under controlled conditions: swim bladder inflation, feeding and otolith growth. Investigación Pesquera, 49 (3): 411-418. (IF- 0,635)

    9. RÉ. P., L. ARRUDA & P. SALGADO (1985). On the occurence of Liparis montagui (L.) larval and juvenile stages off the Portuguese coast. Cybium, 9 (4): 407-409. (IF- 0,301)

    10. CHENG, L., H?Ch. JOHN & P. RÉ (1986). Northeastern range of Halobates micans (Heteroptera: Gerridae) in the Atlantic Ocean. Meeresforschung. Reports on Marine Research, 31 (2): 137-140.

    11. RÉ, P., H. C. ROSA & M. T. DINIS (1986). Daily microgrowth increments in the sagittae of Dicentrarchus labrax (L.) larvae under controlled conditions. Investigación Pesquera, 50 (3): 397-402. (IF- 0,635)

    12. RÉ, P. (1987). Ecology of the planktonic phase of the anchovy, Engraulis encrasicolus, within Mira estuary (Portugal). Investigación Pesquera, 51 (4): 581-598. (IF- 0,635)

    13. RÉ, P., A. FARINHA & I. MENESES (1988). Diel spawning time of sardine, Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) (Teleostei, Clupeidae), off Portugal. Investigación Pesquera, 52 (2): 207-213. (IF- 0,635)

    14. MENESES, I. & P. RÉ (1989). Infection of sardine eggs by a parasitic dinoflagellate (Ichthyodinium chabelardi) off Portugal (Abstract). Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 191: 442.

    15. RÉ, P. (1989). Sardine diel spawning time off Portugal (Abstract). Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 191: 444-445.

    16. RÉ, P. (1989). Ecology of the planktonic phase of the anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus (L.)) within the Mira estuary, Portugal (Abstract). Rapp. P.-v. Réun. Cons. int. Explor. Mer, 191: 462-463.

    17. SALDANHA, L., A. ALMEIDA, M. LEDOYER & P. RÉ (1990). Operations realisées dans le cratère de l'île Saint-Paul au cours de la campagne MD50/Jasus. Les Publications de la Mission de Recherches des Terres Australes et Antartiques Françaises, nº 86-04: 121-123.

    18. SALDANHA, L., A. ALMEIDA, M. LEDOYER & P. RÉ (1990). Aspects de la zonation benthique dans le cratère de l'île Saint-Paul. Les Publications de la Mission de Recherches des Terres Australes et Antartiques Françaises, nº 86-04: 127-131.

    19. MENESES, I. & RÉ, P. (1992). Infection of sardine eggs by a parasitic dinoflagelate (Ichthyodinium chabelardi Hollande and Cachon) off the Portuguese coast. Boletin del Instituto Español de Oceanografia, 8 (1): 201.

    20. ANDRES, H.-G., H.-Ch. JOHN & P. RÉ (1992). Fish larvae and gammaridae plankton off Northern Portugal during autumn 1987. Senckenbergiana maritima, 22 (3/6): 179-201.

    21. RÉ, P. & E. GONÇALVES (1993). Growth of sprat Sprattus sprattus larvae in the German Bight (North Sea) as inferred from otolith microstructure. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 96: 139-145. (IF- 2,135) PDF file (200Kb)

    22. RÉ, P. (1993). Otolith microstructure examination and analysis. D.K. Stevensen & S.E. Campana (eds.): 126pp. Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Otttawa, Canada, 1992. Book Review. Journal of Fish Biology, 43 (6): 955-956. (IF- 1,200) PDF File (40Kb)

    23. RÉ, P. & L. NARCISO. (1994). Growth and cuttlebone microstructure of juvenile cuttlefish, Sepia officinalis L., under controlled conditions. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 177: 73-78. (IF- 1,590) PDF File (150Kb)

    24. HAKANSON, J.L., S.H. COOMBS & P. RÉ (1994). Lipid and elemental composition of sprat (Sprattus sprattus) larvae at mixed and stratified sites in the German Bight of the North Sea. ICES Journal of Marine Sciences, 51: 147-154. (IF- 1,063) PDF File (175Kb)

    25. RÉ, P. (1996). Anchovy spawning in the Mira Estuary (soutwestern Portugal). Scientia Marina, The European Anchovy and its Environment I. Palomera and P. Rubiés (eds), 60 (Supl. 2): 141-153. (IF- 0,635) PDF File (450Kb)

    26. CHÍCHARO, M.A., L. CHÍCHARO, L. VALDEZ, E. LOPEZ-JAMAR & P. RÉ (1998). Estimation of starvation and diel variation of the RNA/DNA ratios in field-caught Sardina pilchardus (L.) larvae off the north of Spain. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 164: 273-283. (IF- 2,135) PDF File (250Kb)

    27. CHÍCHARO, M.A., L. CHÍCHARO, E. LOPEZ-JAMAR, L. VALDEZ & P. RÉ (1998). Does the nutritional condition represent a severe limit to the survival of the sardine (Sardina pilchardus) larvae from north coast of Spain? Results based on RNA/DNA ratios and their variability. Fisheries Research, 39: 43-54. (IF- 0,956) PDF File (750Kb)

    28. DULCIC, J., V. KOZUL, M. KRALJEVIC, B. SKARAMUCA, B. GLAMUZINA & P. RÉ (1999). Embryonic and larval development of the labrid Labrus merula Linnaeus, 1758. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 79: 327-332. (IF- 0,716) PDF File (125Kb)

    29. BOAVENTURA, D., P. RÉ, L. CANCELA DA FONSECA & S. J. HAWKINS (2002). Intertidal rocky shore communities of the continental Portuguese coast. Comparative analysis of distribution patterns Marine Ecology-Pubblicazioni della Stazione Zoologica di Napoli I, 23 (1): 69-90. (IF- 0,532) PDF File (700Kb)

    30. BOAVENTURA, D., M. ALEXANDER, P. DELLA SANTINA, N.D. SMITH, P. RÉ, L. CANCELA DA FONSECA & S. J. HAWKINS (2002). The effects of grazing on the distribution of low shore algal communities on the central coast of Portugal and on the southern coast of Britain. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 267: 185-206. (IF- 1,590) PDF File (300Kb)

    31. PASTORINHO, R., L. VIEIRA, P. RÉ, M.J. PEREIRA, P. BACELAR-NICOLAU, F. MORGADO, J.C. MARQUES, U. AZEITEIRO (2003). Distribution, production, histology and histochemistry in Acartia tonsa (Copepoda: Calanoida) as means for life history determination in a temperate estuary (Mondego estuary, Portugal). Acta Oecologica -International Journal of Ecology, 24: S259-S273. (IF- 1,143) PDF File (750Kb)

    32. VIEIRA, L., U. AZEITEIRO, P. RÉ, R. PASTORINHO, J.C. MARQUES & F. MORGADO (2003). Zooplankton distribution in a temperate estuary (Mondego estuary southern arm: Western Portugal). Acta Oecologica -International Journal of Ecology, 24: S163-S173. (IF- 1,143) PDF File (300Kb)

    33. CHÍCHARO, M.A., E. ESTEVES, A.M.P. SANTOS, A. DOS SANTOS, A. PELIZ, P. RÉ (2003). Are sardine larvae caught off northern Portugal in winter starving? An approach examining nutritional conditions. Marine Ecology-Progress Series, 257: 303-309. (IF- 2,135) PDF File (1000Kb)

    34. MORAIS, S., D. BOAVENTURA, L. NARCISO, P. RÉ, S. J. HAWKINS (2003). Gonad development and fatty acid composition of Patella depressa Pennant (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) populations with different patterns of spatial distribution, in exposed and sheltered sites. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 294 (1): 61-80. (IF- 1,590) PDF File (200Kb)

    35. VIEIRA L., F. MORGADO, P. RÉ, A. NOGUEIRA, R. PASTORINHO, M. PEREIRA, P. BACELAR-NICOLAU, J.C. MARQUES, U. AZEITEIRO (2003). Population dynamics of Acartia clausi from a temperate estuary (Mondego estuary, Western Portugal). Invertebrate reproduction & development, 44, (1): 9-15. (IF- 0,320) PDF File (125Kb)

    36. BRAZÃO, S., S. MORAIS, D. BOAVENTURA, P. RÉ, L. NARCISO & S. J. HAWKINS (2003). Spatial and temporal variation of the fatty acid composition in Patella spp. soft bodies and gonads. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B-Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 136 (3): 425-441. (IF- 1,579) PDF File (175Kb)

    37. BRAZÃO, S., D. BOAVENTURA, S. MORAIS, L. NARCISO & P. RÉ. (2003). Reproduction of Patella depressa, Pennant, 1777 (Gastropoda: Prosobranchia) on the Portuguese central coast. Boletin del Instituto Español de Oceanografia, 19 (1-4): 453-460. PDF File (175Kb)

    38. SILVA, A., D. BOAVENTURA, P. RÉ (2003). Population structure, recruitment and distribution patterns of Patella depressa Pennant, 1777 on the central Portuguese coast. Boletin del Instituto Español de Oceanografia, 19 (1-4): 461-471. PDF File (375Kb)

    39. SANTOS, A.M.P., A. PELIZ, J. DUBERT, P.B. OLIVEIRA, M.M. ANGÉLICO, P. RÉ (2004). Impact of a winter upwelling event on the distribution and transport of sardine eggs and larvae off western Iberia: A retention mechanism. Continental Shelf Research, 24: 149-165. doi:10.1016/j.csr.2003.10.004 (IF- 1,191) PDF File (1125Kb) (Part I), PDF File (2000Kb) (Part II), Most cited paper award (2003/2007).

    40. SILVA, A., D. BOAVENTURA, A. FLORES, P. RÉ & S. J. HAWKINS (2004). Rare predation by the intertidal crab Pachygrapsus marmaratus on the limpet Patella depressa. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 84: 367-370. (IF- 0,716) PDF File (100Kb)

    41. AZEITEIRO, U. M., MARQUES, S.C., L.M.R. VIEIRA, M.J. PEREIRA, P. , M.R.D. PASTORINHO, P. RÉ, PEREIRA, M.J. & F.M.R. MORGADO (2005). Dynamics of the Acartia genus (Calanoida: Copepoda) in a temperate shallowestuary (the Mondego estary) on the western coast of Portugal. Acta Adriatica, 46 (1): 7-20. PDF File (525Kb)

    42. RAMOS, S., R.K. COWEN, C. PARIS, P. RÉ, A. BORDALO (2006). Environmental forcing and larval fish assemblage dynamics in the Lima river estuary (northwest Portugal). Journal of Plankton Research, 28 (3): 275-286. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbi104 (IF- 1,568) PDF File (525Kb)

    43. RAMOS, S., R.K. COWEN, P. RÉ, A.A. BORDALO (2006). Temporal and spatial distribution of larval fish assemblages in the Lima river estuary (Portugal). Estuarine Coastal and Shelf Science, 66 (2006): 303-314. doi:10.1016/j.ecss.2005.09.012 (IF- 1,255) PDF File (700Kb)

    44. SANTOS, A.M.P., P. RÉ, A. dos SANTOS, A. PELIZ (2006). Vertical distribution of the European sardine (Sardina pilchardus) larvae and its implications for their survival. Journal of Plankton Reasearch, 28 (5): 523-532. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbi137 (IF- 1,568) PDF File (425Kb)

    45. MORGADO, F.M., R. PASTORINHO, C. QUINTANEIRO, P. RÉ (2006). Vertical distribution and trophic structure of the macrozooplankton in a shallow temperate estuary (Ria de Aveiro, Portugal). Scientia Marina, 70 (2): 177-188 (IF- 0,635) PDF File (525Kb)

    46. MORGADO, F., P. RÉ, N. SILVA, & U.M. AZEITEIRO (2006). Comparison of the zooplankton from two different temperate tidal systems in Western Portugal: the Mondego Estuary and Ria de Aveiro Lagoon. International Journal of Lakes and Rivers, 1 (1): 65-74. PDF File (367Kb)

    47. BORGES, R., R. BEN-HAMADOU, M. A. CHÍCHARO, P. RÉ, E. J. GONÇALVES (2007). Horizontal spatial patterns of distribution of nearshore larval fish assemblages at a temperate rocky shore. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 71: 412-428. (IF- 1,255) PDF File (858Kb)

    48. SANTOS, A.M.P., A. CHÍCHARO, A. DOS SANTOS, T. MOITA, P.B. OLIVEIRA, A. PELIZ, P. RÉ (2007). Physical-biological interactions in the life history of small pelagic fish in the Western Iberia Upwelling Ecosystem. Progress in Oceanography. 74: 192-209 (IF- 2,432) PDF File (759Kb)

    49. WIDEMANN, T. et al. (2009). Titania's Radius and an Upper Limit on its Atmosphere from the September 8, 2001 Stellar Occultation. Icarus 199, Vol. 2, pp. 458-476 (February 2009). PDF File (679Kb)

    50. RAMOS, S., P. RÉ, A.A. BORDALO (2009). New insights into the early life ecology of Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) in the northern Iberian Atlantic. Scentia Marina, 73 (3): 449-459. (IF- 0,635) PDF File (1070Kb)

    51. RAMOS, S., R.K. COWEN, P. RÉ, A.A. BORDALO (2009). Environmental control on early stages of flatfishes in the Lima estuary (NW Portugal. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 83: 252-264 (IF- 1,255) PDF File (609Kb)

    52. GARRIDO, S., A.M. SANTOS, DOS SANTOS, A., P. RÉ (2009). Spatial distribution and vertical migrations of fish larvae communities off Northwestern Iberia sampled with LHPR and Bongo nets. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 84: 463-475. (IF- 1,255) PDF File (1Mb)

    53. RAMOS, S., P. RÉ, A. BORDALO (2010). Recruitment of flatfish species to an estuarine nursery habitat (Lima estuary, NW Iberian Peninsula. Journal of Sea Research, 64: 473.486. PDF File (880Kb)

    54. PRIMO, A., U. AZEITEIRO, S. MARQUES, P. RÉ, M. PARDAL (2012). Vertical patterns of ichthyoplankton at the interface between a temperate estuary and adjacent coastal waters: Seasonal relation to diel and tidal cycles. Journal of Marine Systems, 95: 16-23 PDF File (500Kb)

    55. PRIMO, A., U. AZEITEIRO, S. MARQUES, P. RÉ, M. PARDAL (2012). Seasonal, lunar and tidal control of ichthyoplankton dynamics at the interface between a temperate estuary and adjacent coastal waters (Western Portugal). Scientia Marina, 76 (2): 237-246. doi: 10.3989/scimar.03415.18A PDF File (400Kb)

    56. GARRIDO, S., E. SAIZ, J. PETERS, P. RÉ, P. ALVAREZ, U. COTANO, D.L. HERRERO, A. MARTÍNEZ DE MURGUÍA , X. IRIGOIEN (2012). Effect of food type and concentration on growth and fatty acid composition of early larvae of the anchovy (Engraulis encrasicolus) reared under laboratory conditions. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 434-435 (2012) 16-24 PDF File (800Kb)

    57. GARRIDO, S, J. CRUZ, A.M. SANTOS, P. RÉ, E. SAIZ (2013). Effects of temperature, food type and concentration on the grazing of the calanoid copepod, Centropages chierchiae. Journal of Plankton Research, 35 (4): 843-854. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbt037 PDF File (400Kb)

    58. CRUZ, J., S. GARRIDO, M. S. PIMENTEL, R. ROSA, A. M. P. SANTOS, P. RÉ (2013). Reproduction and respiration of a climate change indicator species: effect of temperature and variable food in the copepod Centropages chierchiae. Journal of Plankton Research, 35 (5): 1046-1058. doi:10.1093/plankt/fbt057 PDF File (500Kb)

    59. CUNHA, M.E., RÉ, P., H. QUENTAL, P. POUSÃO-FERREIRA (2103). Larval and juvenile development of the dusky grouper, Epinephelus marginatus reared mesocosms. Journal of Fish Biology, 83:448-465. doi:10.1111/jfb.12180 PDF File (990Kb)

    60. CALDEIRA C., A.M. SANTOS, P. RÉ, E. SAIZ, M. PECK, S. GARRIDO (2014). Effects of prey concentration on ingestion rates of European sardine Sardina pilchardus larvae in the laboratory. Marine Ecology Progress Series. 517: 217-228. doi:0.3354/meps11010 PDF file

    61. 57. M.E. JARDIM, I. M. PERES, P. RÉ, F. M. COSTA (2014). A prática oceanográfica e a coleção iconográfica do rei Dom Carlos I. Oceanography and King Dom Carlos I's collection of iconography. História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos, Rio de Janeiro, v.21 n.3, jul.-set. 2014, P.883-909.

    62. GARRIDO, S., R. BEN-HAMADOU, A.M. SANTOS, S. FERREIRA, A. TEODÓSIO, U. COTANO, X. IRIGOIEN, M. PECK, E. SAINZ, P. RÉ (2015). Born small, die young: Intrinsic, size-selective mortality in marine larval fish. Sci. Rep. 5, 17065; doi: 10.1038/srep17065. PDF file

    63. GARRIDO, S., A. CRISTOVÃO, C. CALDEIRA, R. BEN-HAMADOU, N. BAYLINA, H. BATISTA, E. SAIZ, M.A. PECK, P. RÉ, A.M.P. SANTOS (2016). Effect of temperature on the growth, survival, development and foraging behaviour of Sardina pilchardus larvae. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 559: 131-145. doi: 10.3354/meps11881 PDF file

    RÉ, P. (1984). Ictioplâncton da região central da costa portuguesa e do estuário do Tejo. Ecologia da postura e da fase planctónica de Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum, 1792) e de Engraulis encrasicolus (Linné, 1758). Tese de doutoramento, Universidade de Lisboa: 425 p.
    PDF file (1Mb) PDF
    Doctoral Thesis (1984)
    RÉ, P. (1999). Ictioplâncton estuarino da Península Ibérica (Guia de identificação dos ovos e estados larvares planctónicos), 163pp, 51 fig. Prémio do Mar, 1996. Câmara Municipal de Cascais. ISBN 972-637-065-5.
    PDF file (2Mb) PDF
    MARQUES, J.C., S. GAMITO and P. RÉ (editors). (1999). Processes and Flows in Marine Benthic Ecosystems. Acta Oecologica 20 (4)
    RÉ, P. (1999). Biologia Marinha. Associação dos Estudantes da Faculdade de Ciências de Lisboa, 98pp. ISBN 972-8008-39-2.
    PDF file (300kB) PDF
    RÉ, P., U. AZEITEIRO & F. MORGADO (2005). Ecologia do plâncton marinho e estuarino. Edições Afrontamento, Colecção Ciências e Natureza nº 1, 140pp. ISBN 972-36-0749-2.
    Chapter 1
    Chapter 2
    Chapter 3
    Chapter 4
    Chapter 5
    BISCOITO, M., A. ALMEIDA & P. RÉ (Editors) (2001/2005). A tribute to Luiz Saldanha. Boletim do Museu Municipal do Funchal (Supl. 6). Número especial evocativo da vida e obra do Prof. Luiz Saldanha (1937-1997). ISSN – 0870-3876.
    Article - Luiz Saldanha, Passion for the Sea
    RÉ, P., I. MENESES (2008). Early stages of marine fishes occurring in the Iberian Peninsula. IPIMAR/IMAR: 282pp. ISBN-978-972-9372-34-6.
    Species List
    JARDIM, M.E., I.M. PERES, P. RÉ (2014). A fotografia na exploração dos oceanos. In 100 anos de Fotografia Científica em Portugal (1839-1939): imagens e instrumentos: 85-108. Coord. Fernanda Madalena Costa, Maria Estela Jardim. Edições 70. ISBN 978-972-44-1813-1.
    MORGADO, F., L.R. VIEIRA, P. RÉ, A. SOARES (2014). Atlas do Zooplâncton marinho e estuarino da costa atlântica. Edições Afrontamento, Colecção Biologicando, 8: 168pp. ISBN: 978-972-36-1376-6.